Kingston Park Warmblood Stud

History

Learn more about: Trakehner | Holsteiner | Hanoverian

The TRAKEHNER

There is surely no breed of horse existing today whose history and geography mirrors the changing fortunes of Northern Europe since the Middle Ages as closely as the ‘Warmblood Horse of Trakehner Origin’ – or Trakehner as it is better known.

The Trakehner's background is resonant with history, from it’s Schweiken ancestors (the preferred cavalry horse of the Teutonic Knights) to its present name, established by the Trakehnen Stud, which produced a high class, all round horse exclusively for the royal household of Friedrich Wilhelm II of Prussia from selected members of the breed.

The ‘flight of the East Prussian horses’ from their homelands in the most easterly parts of Prussia, through Eastern Europe across what is now Poland and (the former) East Germany, to safety in West Germany, is one of the great sagas of equine and human history. In 1947, in a determined bid to save the breed from extinction, Siegfried Freiherr von Schrocten and Dr. Fritz Schilke, original members of the East Prussian stud book society, collected and identified the horses, founded the Trakehner Verband, and created a regional breeding structure for Trakehner breeding in West Germany. The Trakehner is the only ‘pure’ breed of warmblood type. Upgrading is through the limited use of high quality Thoroughbred, Anglo-Arab, and Arab stallions who are graded into the breeding stud books alongside stallions with Trakehner blood.

The modern Trakehner has become an extremely elegant animal, highly prized as a competition horse in itself, and as a source of upgrading blood for the heavier warmblood such as Holsteiner, Hanoverian and other warmblood breeds.

Trakehner Links


The HOLSTEINER

The original Holsteiner was bred in the Schleswig–Holstein of Germany. The typical Holsteiner is an athletic, large lined and expressive riding horse with ideal ability for show jumping but also for dressage and eventing. It is powerful in jumping ability, showing skill and quality. A Holsteiner is uncomplicated, eager to cooperate, has strong nerves, is reliable, has a well-balanced temperament and an excellent steady character.

When the historic State Stud in Traventhal was dissolved in 1960, the Verband der Zuchter des Holsteiner Pferdes was suddenly faced with an entirely new situation. The Verband took over the 33 state-owned stallions and thus became the most important stallion owner in Schleswig-Holstein. Thoroughbreds were used to refine the Holstein breed. These measures, introduced in the 1970s, have achieved excellent results without having a negative effect on their traditional capacity to perform.

Holsteiner Links


The HANOVERIAN

The origin of the breed was in the Hanover area of Germany, hence the name Hanoverian. The foundation of the State Stud at Celle in 1735 sealed the common interests and breeding aims of Hanoverian breeders, establishing the Stud Book. 

Since this time, the State Stud has kept careful records of the pedigrees of their stallions and mares bred to them, so that in 1888, when the Royal Agricultural Society officially established the Hanoverian Warmblood Stud Book, it had excellent records. 

In 1899 the Chamber of Agriculture took over the Stud Book as keeper, and it carried on until 1922, when it passed these duties on to the Verband Hannoverscher Warmblutzuchter, the governing body today. The Verband came into being through the unification of 54 breeding clubs which existed in Hanover at that time.

Hanoverian Links